Posts Tagged ‘javascript’

Convert PHP arrays to JSON

While we are working with json arrays or calling ajax files that return json in their response sometime we stuck for making json array.
This is because the json array is quite difficult to maintain. You must have to take care of each every special character that is really very difficult if you are thinking to do it manually like “CDATA” for xml.
The best solution that i got from “” is to just make array of PHP and convert it into JSON by using user defined PHP function.


First you need a PHP array. For example…

$data = array(
‘success’ => “Sweet”,
‘failure’ => false,
‘array’ => array(),
‘numbers’ => array(1,2,3),
‘info’ => array(
‘name’ => ‘Binny’,
‘site’ => ‘’

Provide this array as the argument of the array2json() function…

$json = array2json($data);

The resulting string will be(actual output – the source says print array2json($data);)…


function array2json($arr) {
if(function_exists(‘json_encode’)) return json_encode($arr); //Lastest versions of PHP already has this functionality.
$parts = array();
$is_list = false;

//Find out if the given array is a numerical array
$keys = array_keys($arr);
$max_length = count($arr)-1;
if(($keys[0] == 0) and ($keys[$max_length] == $max_length)) {//See if the first key is 0 and last key is length – 1
$is_list = true;
for($i=0; $i
if($i != $keys[$i]) { //A key fails at position check.
$is_list = false; //It is an associative array.

foreach($arr as $key=>$value) {
if(is_array($value)) { //Custom handling for arrays
if($is_list) $parts[] = array2json($value); /* :RECURSION: */
else $parts[] = ‘”‘ . $key . ‘”:’ . array2json($value); /* :RECURSION: */
} else {
$str = ”;
if(!$is_list) $str = ‘”‘ . $key . ‘”:’;

//Custom handling for multiple data types
if(is_numeric($value)) $str .= $value; //Numbers
elseif($value === false) $str .= ‘false’; //The booleans
elseif($value === true) $str .= ‘true’;
else $str .= ‘”‘ . addslashes($value) . ‘”‘; //All other things
// :TODO: Is there any more datatype we should be in the lookout for? (Object?)

$parts[] = $str;
$json = implode(‘,’,$parts);

if($is_list) return ‘[' . $json . ']‘;//Return numerical JSON
return ‘{‘ . $json . ‘}’;//Return associative JSON

This article is taken from
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